Source: California Invasive Plant Council


URL of this page: http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/plant_profiles/Arundo_donax.php

Arundo donax (giant reed)

Arundo donax
Arundo donax
Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso

Arundo donax (giant reed) is a tall perennial grass (family Poaceae) that typically forms dense stands on disturbed sites, sand dunes, riparian areas, and wetlands. It has invaded central California River valleys in San Luis Obispo and Monterey counties, the San Francisco Bay Area, the Sacramento and San Joaquin River valleys and is also increasing in the North Coast region. Arundo donax is threatening California’s riparian ecosystems by outcompeting native species, such as willows, for water.

Cal-IPC Inventory rating: High

Cal-IPC Resources on Arundo donax

Cal-IPC News Articles

  • Brusati, E., D. Morawitz, et al. (2011). Prioritizing Regional Response to Invasive Plants in the Sierra Nevada. Cal-IPC News. 19: 4, 5, 10.
  • Giessow, J., J. Casanova, et al. (2011). Mapping Arundo and its impacts. Cal-IPC News. 19: 8, 9, 18.
  • Boland, J. (2010). Stopping the unintentional spread of arundo. Cal-IPC News. 18: 10, 11.
  • Zimmerman, T. and C. Conser (2010). Does arundo use more water than a native willow? Cal-IPC News. 18: 4, 5, 12, 14.
  • Brusati, E. (2009). The cost of weeds to California. Cal-IPC News. 17: 6,7,13.
  • Darin, G. (2009). Invasive plant conference in South Africa. Cal-IPC News. 17: 10.
  • Marovich, R. (2009). A new invasive raspberry? Cal-IPC News. 17: 99.
  • Robinson, R. (2009). "We don't know what we need to know". Cal-IPC News. 16: 4-5,12.
  • Dozier, M. (2007). Shasta County citizens take on weeds. Cal-IPC News. 14: 4-5.
  • Griffith, J. and K. Hill (2006). Conservation Corps attacks Arundo. Cal-IPC News. 13: 9.
  • Johnson, M., T. Dudley, et al. (2006). Seed production in Arundo donax? Cal-IPC News. 14: 12-13.
  • Neil, B. and T. A. Angeles (2006). Low-volumn foliar treatment of Arundo using imazapyr. Cal-IPC News. 14: 6-7,11.
  • Burkhart, B. and M. Kelly (2005). Which weeds dominate southern California urban riparian systems? Cal-IPC News. 13: 4-5,12.
  • Connick, S. and M. Gerel (2005). Don't sell a pest: A new partnership to prevent plant invasions through horticulture. Cal-IPC News. 13: 4-5,14.
  • Rose, P. (2004). Setting the stage: The Ventura County Arundo Task Force. Cal-IPC News. 12: 8-9,17.
  • Horney, M. (2002). New remote sensing tool under evaluation. CalEPPC News. 10: 4.
  • Bell, C. E., M. Evans, et al. (2000). Exotic pest plants, Calif. Assoc. of Nurserymen, and CalEPPC. CalEPPC News. 9: 9-10.
  • Dudley, T. (2000). Foreign exploration for biological control of Arundo donax. CalEPPC News. 8: 8-9.
  • Kelly, M. (2000). Education: Wildland weed tours and talks. CalEPPC News. 8: 3-4.
  • Kelly, M. (1999). Roundup of Arundo projects reveals commitment, strategic weakness. CalEPPC News. 7: 4-9.
  • DiTomaso, J. (1998). Results of the CalEPPC questionnaire at Symposium '98 in Ontario. CalEPPC News. 6: 4.
  • Goode, S. (1998). Legendary stewardship award. CalEPPC News. 6: 10.
  • Iverson, M. E. (1998). Effects of Arundo donax on water resources. CalEPPC News. 6: 10.
  • Starkey, F. (1998). The weed from hell arrives in paradise. CalEPPC News. 6: 5.
  • Sims, T. (1997). The weed from hell finds a buyer. CalEPPC News. 5: 5.
  • Kelly, M. (1997). Lessons from the front: Taking stock to avoid surprises. CalEPPC NEWS. 5: 4-7.
  • Stein, E. D. and V. Vartanian (1997). Killing the beast: A cooperative approach for control of Arundo donax in the Santa Ana River watershed. CalEPPC News.5: 4-6,8.
  • Warner, P. (1998). CalEPPC Symposium '97. CalEPPC News. 6: 6-8.
  • Iverson, M. E. (1995). Effects of Arundo donax on water resources. CalEPPC News. 3: 10.
  • Kelly, M. (1994). Tamarisk advancing in Baja California. CalEPPC News. 2: 9.
  • (1994). Exotic pest plants of greatest ecological concern in California September 1994. CalEPPC News. 2: 10.
  • (1993). California Exotic Pest Plant Council draft list exotic plants of greatest concern October 1993. CalEPPC News. 1: 6.
  • Jackson, N. (1993). The story of Team Arundo. CalEPPC News. 1: 6-7.
  • (1993). Working group reports on weed control methods and applications for Arundo, french broom, german ivy, hoary cress, yellow starthistle, and pampasgrass. CalEPPC News. 1: 8-10.

Cal-IPC Symposium Proceedings

  • Austin, R. L. (2011). Designing wildlife avoidance into invasive species control projects. Cal-IPC 2011 Symposium. Tahoe City, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Giessow, J., J. Casanova, et al. (2011). Distribution and impacts of Arundo donax from Monterey to Tijuana. Cal-IPC 2011 Symposium. Tahoe City, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Lardiere, B. M. and D. Bieber. (2011). The evolution of arundo removal efforts on Camp Pendleton. Cal-IPC 2011 Symposium. Tahoe City, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Palenscar, K. and J. S. Holt (2011). How does light attenuation affect giant reed (Arundo donax) establishment? Cal-IPC 2011 Symposium. Tahoe City, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Orr, B. K., Z. Diggory, et al. (2010). Strategic planning for control of Arundo donax and restoration of riparian vegetation in semi-arid landscapes: a case study from the lower Santa Clara River, CA. Cal-IPC 2010 Symposium Ventura, CA, California Invasive Plant Council
  • Palenscar, K. T. and J. S. Holt. (2010). Using native shrubs to control re-establishment of giant reed (Arundo donax). . Cal-IPC 2010 Symposium. Ventura, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Reinoehl, S. and C. Zaich (2010). The Matilija Dam Ecosystem Restoration Project. Cal-IPC 2010 Symposium Ventura, CA, California Invasive Plant Council
  • Spencer, D. F. (2010). An evaluation of flooding risks associated with giant reed (Arundo donax). Cal-IPC 2010 Symposium. Ventura, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Griswold, M., D. Williams, et al. (2009). Mapping weeds from the ground, the air or beyond. Cal-IPC Symposium 2009. Visalia, CA California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Lardiere, B. M. and D. Bieber (2009). Maintaining riparian habitats after initial invasive plant treatments on Camp Pendleton. Cal-IPC Symposium 2009. Visalia, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Mann, J., J. Barney, et al. (2009). Soil moisture stress tolerance of the leading biofuel Miscanthus giganteus is similar to the invasive weed Arundo donax. Cal-IPC Symposium 2009. Visalia, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Newhouser, M., D. DiPietro, et al. (2009). Team Arundo del Norte: Lessons learned from a coordinated approach to weed management. Cal-IPC Symposium 2009. Visalia, CA, California Invasive Council.
  • Spencer, D., G. Ksander, et al. (2009). Timing of application influences the efficacy of glyphosate on giant reed (Arundo donax). Cal-IPC Symposium 2009. Visalia, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Atik, R., I. Gray, et al. (2008). San Luis Rey River Flood Risk Management Area giant reed eradication. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2008. Chico, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Sesser, B., P. Stiefer, et al. (2008). Invasive plant Arundo donax: Mapping and prioritizing its eradication in the Bay-Delta region of northern California. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2008. Chico, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Lambert, A. and T. Dudley (2007). Plant community and ecosystem effects of Arundo donax invasion. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Knapp, J., S. Ratay, et al. (2007). Eradicating 25 species- Challenges and successes of switching from population to seed bank management on Catalina Island, California. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Hobbs, R. W., J. Simonsen-Marchant, et al. (2007). Controlling giant reed (Arundo donax) within the Tijuana River Valley. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Gevirtz, E., J. Jackson, et al. (2007). Tributaries to the Upper Santa Clara River, Los Angeles. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Boland, J. (2007). The Break-up and Dispersal of Arundo donax by Bulldozers. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Burkhart, B. and M. Kelly (2007). How to develop user-friendly riparian corridor invasive exotic species/habitat restoration master plans: Experiences on the San Diego and Otay Rivers. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Huber, A.-M. (2006). The proliferation of Arundo donax in Arroyo Las Posas. Cal-IPC Symposium. Rohnert Park, CA.
  • Lambert, A. and T. Dudley (2006). Potential for augmentation biological control of Arundo donax. Cal-IPC Symposium. Rohnert Park, CA, CA.
  • Newhouser, M., D. Spencer, et al. (2006). Team Arundo del Norte's arundo eradication and coordination program, a regional approach: Uniting weed management and research through interlinking adaptive management feedback loops. Cal-IPC Symposium. Rohnert Park, CA.
  • Simonsen-Marchant, J., J. Boland, et al. (2006). Assessment of treatment effectiveness and relative cost of giant reed (Arundo donax) removal in the Tijuana River Valley. Cal-IPC Symposium. Rohnert Park, CA.
  • Ahmad, R., I. Liow, et al. (2005). Analysis of clonal diversity in giant reed (Arundo donax L.) using molecular markers. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2005. Chico, CA.
  • Coffman, G. C., T. Dudley, et al. (2005). Are we creating the ideal conditions for Arundo donax invasion in California? California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2005. Chico, CA.
  • Dempsey, J. and W. Elliott (2005). Invasive plant control at California State Parks in the northern Sacramento Valley. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2005. Chico, CA.
  • Gaffney, K. and R. Hunter (2005). Incorporating applied research into an ongoing watershed-based, programmatic approach to Arundo donax removal. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2005. Chico, CA.
  • Coffman, G. C. (2004). Invasion of Arundo donax in riparian ecosystems of Mediterranean-type climates: Causes, impacts and management strategies. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Connick, S. and M. Gerel (2004). Partnering to prevent invasions of plants of horticultural origin. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Fitch, M. T. and D. Bieber (2004). The riparian weed management program at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton: Past, present, and future. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, California, CA.
  • Giessow, J. and M. Newhowser (2004). Riparian working group. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Heckert, K. (2004). A watershed approach to giant reed removal: An economic and environmental win:win for the Russian River. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Quinn, L. and J. S. Holt (2004). Effects of environment on establishment of Arundo donax in three southern California riparian areas. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Rose, P. and N. Cabanting (2004). Effects of arundo removal methods on revegetation: A conservation field trial. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Schoenig, S., D. DiPietro, et al. (2004). Mapping working group. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Warner, J. (2004). Funding invasive plant projects through the farm bill. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Carruthers, R. and J. Buettner (2003). Biocontrols: Progress and ongoing needs. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • Dudly, T. (2003). Riparian invaders: A multi-species approach. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • Gaffney, K. (2003). A watershed approach to Arundo donax removal and riparian restoration. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, California, CA.
  • Kirk, A. A., T. Widmer, et al. (2003). The potential contribution of natural enemies from Mediterranean Europe to the management of the invasive weed Arundo donax (Graminae; Arundinae) in the U.S. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • Newhouser, M. (2003). Arundo eradication and coordination program. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • Quinn, L. and J. Holt (2003). Invasibility of experimental riparian communities by Arundo donax. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • Rauterkus, M. and J. Holt (2003). Seasonal activity and impacts of Arundo donax. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • Widmer, T. L., A. A. Kirk, et al. (2003). The European Biological Control Laboratory: Contributing to successful management of invasive species in the U.S. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • DiPietro, D. and T. Dudley (2002). Influences of Arundo donax invasion on riparian biodiversity. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2002. Sacramento, CA.
  • Kirk, A. A., T. Widmer, et al. (2002). Focusing foreign exploration for biocontrol agents of Arundo donax using CLIMEX, distribution records, genetics and laboratory rearing. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2002. Sacramento, California, CA.
  • Rose, P. (2002). Regulatory compliance at the county level. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2002. Sacramento, CA.
  • Sher, A. A., D. F. Spencer, et al. (2002). Arundo donax physiology, shoot, and root growth under two nutrient regimes.
  • California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2002. Sacramento, CA.
  • Giessow, J. (2001). Watershed based eradication of Arundo donax (giant reed): from pulling together to mapping to treating to re-planting. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2001. San Diego, California, San Diego, CA.
  • Giessow, J. and J. Giessow (2001). Planning Arundo donax removal: A review of methods for control and biomass removal. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2001. San Diego, CA.
  • Lawson, D. M. and H. Smead (2001). Evaluation of chipped Arundo biomass as mulch. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2001. San Diego, CA.
  • Lovich, R. E., E. L. Ervin, et al. (2001). Terrestrial fauna community composition of Arundo donax (Poaceae) root masses. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2001. San Diego, CA.
  • Mitchell, J., J. Giessow, et al. (2001). Role of the Santa Margarita and San Luis Rey Watersheds Weed Management Area in watershed based exotic plant control and restoration in northern San Diego County. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2001. San Diego, CA.
  • Neill, B. and J. Giessow (2001). Distributions of Arundo donax in coastal watersheds of southern California. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2001. San Diego, CA.
  • DiPietro, D. (2000). Team Arundo del Norte: Collaborative approach to exotic pest plant control. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
  • Giessow, J. (2000). Mapping distribution and acreage of an exotic plant using orthocorrected imagery & field mapping to produce GIS coverages. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
  • Giessow, J., J. Giessow, et al. (2000). Non-native plant control on the watershed level: Role of the Santa Margarita and San Luis Rey Watersheds Weed Management Area. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, California, CA.
  • Newhouser, M. (2000). Arundo donax eradication and coordination project: Coordinating eradication projects in the Bay-Delta region. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
  • Spencer, D. F. and G. G. Ksander (2000). Influence of environmental conditions on shoot emergence from Arundo donax rhizomes. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
  • Spencer, D. F. and G. G. Ksander (2002). Predicting Arundo donax shoot emergence using degree-day based equations. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2002. Sacramento, CA.
  • Thomsen, C. D. (2000). Bear Creek watershed restoration program. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
  • Decruyenaere, J. G. and J. S. Holt (1999). Carbohydrate use of Arundo donax under light-limiting conditions. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '99. Sacramento, CA.
  • Holt, J. S. and A. B. Boose (1999). Assexual reproduction in Arundo donax (giant reed). California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '99. Sacramento, CA.
  • Trumbo, J. (1999). Giant cane (Arundo donax) control & herbicide/surfactant impacts to larval frogs & fish. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '99. Sacramento, CA.
  • Archbald, G. (1998). Mechanical control methods: beyond weed bashing. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '98. Ontario, CA.
  • Bautista, S. (1998). A comparison of two methods for controlling Arundo donax. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Bell, C. (1998). Risks and effects of various control methods. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Bossard, C. (1998). Distribution and effects of exotic species in tropical island environments in Sri Lanka. California Exotic Pest Plant Council '98 Symposium. Ontario, CA.
  • Butler, E. and S. Britting (1998). Mapping and control of weeds in the American River Parkway. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '98. Ontario, CA.
  • Motamed, E. R. and A. H. B. M. Witje (1998). Rooting by stem fragments from hanging and upright stems of giant reed (Arundo donax). Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Frandsen, P. (1998). The political side of exotic pest plants. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Frandsen, P. and N. E. Jackson (1998). Santa Ana River Interagency Habitat Recovery Project, Van Buren Bridge Project Area summary. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Holt, J. S. and A. S. Boose (1998). Environmental effects on asexual reproduction in Arundo donax, giant reed. California Exotic Pest Plant Council '98 Symposium. Ontario, CA.
  • Jackson, N. E. (1998). Chemical control of giant reed (Arundo donax) and saltcedar (Tamarix ramosissima). Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Peck, G. G. (1998). Hydroponic growth characteristics of Arundo donax L. under salt stress. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Stein, E. D. (1998). Invasive weed control as mitigation: A shifting paradigm. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Tracy, J. L. and C. J. DeLoach (1998). Biological controls of saltcedar in the United States: Progress and projected ecological effects. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Tracy, J. L. and C. J. DeLoach (1998). Suitability of classical biological control for giant reed (Arundo donax) in the United States. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Vartanian, V. (1998). Destructive nature of arundo and tamarisk. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Witje, A. H. B. M. (1998). The role of tissue nitrogen content on Arundo donax translocation rates and rhizome growth. Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Zembal, R. (1998). Habitat for threatened and endangered species: Quarantine areas of control exotic weeds? Arundo and saltcedar: The deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Devender, T. R. V., R. S. Frlger, et al. (1997). Exotic plants in the Sonoran desert region, Arizona and Sonora. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '97. Concord, CA.
  • Jones, P. A. (1997). Formation of "Team Arundo del Norte" in northern and central California. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '97. Concord, CA.
  • DiTomaso, J. (1996). Biology and ecology of giant reed. Arundo and saltcedar: the deadly duo. Ontario, CA.
  • Else, J. A. (1996). Post flood establishemnt of native woody species and Arundo donax. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '96. San Diego, CA.
  • Lawson, D. M., V. Vartanian, et al. (1996). Teamwork kills arundo in cost-effective manner. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '96. San Diego, CA.
  • Thomsen, C. D., W. A. Williams, et al. (1996). Yellow starthistle management with grazing, mowing, and competitive plantings. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '96. San Diego, CA.
  • DiTomaso, J. M. (1995). Overview of extension non-crop weed research in California. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '95. J. Lovich, J. Randall and M. Kelly. Pacific Grove, CA.

Other Resources on Arundo donax