Synonyms: Sinapis nigra (L.)
Common names: black mustard
Brassica nigra (black mustard) is a winter annual herb/forb (family Brassicaceae). Like other mustards, black mustard grows profusely and produces allelopathic chemicals that prevent germination of native plants. The spread of black mustard can increase the frequency of fires in chaparral and coastal sage scrub, changing these habitats to annual grassland.Cal-IPC Rating: Moderate
Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.
Weed Management Notes
- Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.
Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles
- Wildland Weed News. editor. Vol 17, Issue 2
- Invasive plants research at UC Riverside. Holt, Jodie S.. Vol 13, Issue 2
- Education: Wildland weed tours and talks. Kelly, Mike. Vol 08, Issue 1
- Control of exotic plants in an herbaceous understory. Perala, Christine; Hoover, Doris A.; Parra-Szijj, E.A.. Vol 01, Issue 3
Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations
Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.
- How are functional traits related to the invasibility of a restored plant community? Funk, Jennifer (2018)
- Mapping weeds and rare plants to inform management and conservation in the Zaca and Jesusita fires. Calloway, Stephanie; Schneider, Heather; Knapp, Denise (2018)
- Exotic mustard effects on native tarweed insect communities. Schreck, Tadj K.; Mooney, Kailen (2010)
- Evaluating the seed bank of a disturbed site to determine potential ecological restoration strategies. Olesen, Cory; Doran, Daniel; D_Antonio, Carla (2009)
- Artichoke thistle (Cynara cardunculus) control efforts and community recovery in historic southern California rangeland. Royall, Margaret; Murdock, Michelle; Suding, Katharine; Smith, Trish (2007)
- Coyote Creek floodplain reclamation project: Re-establishing native plant habitat. Codianne, Jennifer; Dumont, Leo (2007)
- Phenology of Brassica tournefortii in comparison to B. nigra, B. geniculata, and native Mojave Desert annuals. Marushia, Robin; Holt, Jodie (2005)
- Fire management impacts on invasive species at the wildland/urban interface in California. Keeley, Jon E. (2004)
- Effect of competition on artichoke thistle, Cynara cardunculus. White, Virginia A.; Holt, Jodie S. (2002)
- Effects of exotic plants on three California ecosystems. Minnich, Richard A. (1994)
Other Brassica nigra Information
- CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
- Calflora - See the distribution of this species on Calflora's map of California.
- CalWeedMapper - Distribution information with ability to determine regional priorities.
- Jepson Online Interchange for California Flora - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
- USDA PLANTS Database - Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states.