Source: California Invasive Plant Council


URL of this page: http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/plant_profiles/Cortaderia_selloana.php

Cortaderia selloana (pampasgrass)

Cortaderia selloana
Cortaderia selloana
Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso

Cortaderia selloana (pampasgrass) is a large perennial grass (family Poaceae) found along the coast of California, and in the Coast Ranges, Central Valley, Western Transverse Ranges, and Mojave Desert. Pampasgrass favors dunes, bluffs, coastal shrublands and marshes, inland riparian areas, and disturbed areas. It was introduced as an ornamental plant and for erosion control. Each plume produces up to 100,000 seeds that are widely dispersed by wind and develop without fertilization. Pampasgrass quickly colonizes bare ground, but establishment is generally poor where the seedlings must compete with other grasses or sedges.

Cal-IPC Inventory rating: High

Cal-IPC Resources on Cortaderia selloana

Cal-IPC News Articles

  • Darin, G. (2011). From Chinese Cleavers to Remote Sensing: An interview with two generations of weed workers - Greg and Gavin Archbald. Cal-IPC News. 19: 6, 7.
  • Schwartz, S. (2009). East Bay volunteers head to the hills and the shores. Cal-IPC News. 16: 8-9.
  • (2006). Recommended action on invasive ornamentals. Cal-IPC News. 14: 10.
  • Marchant, T., R. Hobbs, et al. (2006). Restoration of desert wetlands dominated by tamarisk and pampasgrass. Cal-IPC Symposium, Rohnert Park, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Okada, M., M. Lyle, et al. (2006). Molecular evidence supporting the horticultural origin of invasive jubata grass (Cortaderia jubata). Cal-IPC Symposium, Rohnert Park, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Burkhart, B. and M. Kelly (2005). Which weeds dominate southern California urban riparian systems? Cal-IPC News. 13: 4-5,12.
  • Connick, S. and M. Gerel (2005). Don't sell a pest: A new partnership to prevent plant invasions through horticulture. Cal-IPC News. 13: 4-5,14.
  • Lambrinos, J. (2004). A tale of two invaders: The dynamic history of pampas grass and jubata grass in California. Cal-IPC News. 12: 4-5,15.
  • Lambrinos, J. G. (2004). A tale of two invaders: the dynamic history of pampasgrass and jubatagrass in California, Cal-IPC.
  • Martus, C. (2003). Wal-Mart stops selling pampas grass in California. CalEPPC News. 11: 11.
  • Lambrinos, J. G. (2002). The creeping loss of California's once widespread shrublands to pampasgrass and other aliens.
  • Stanton, A. E. (2001). Keep it in the garden: Developing a list of non-invasive alternatives to replace invasive horticultural species in California. CalEPPC News. 9: 7,11.
  • Bell, C. E., M. Evans, et al. (2000). Exotic pest plants, Calif. Assoc. of Nurserymen, and CalEPPC. CalEPPC News. 9: 9-10.
  • Tschohl, A. (2000). Jubatagrass vs pampasgrass: a growth analysis and comparison of invasive potential.
  • (1999). Richmond weed abatement ordinance. CalEPPC News. 7: 10.
  • Stein, E. D. and V. Vartanian (1997). Killing the beast: A cooperative approach for control of Arundo donax in the Santa Ana River watershed. CalEPPC News. 5: 4-6,8.
  • Griffith, Q. (1995). Marin supervisors establish policy against non-natives. CalEPPC News. 3: 11.
  • (1994). Exotic pest plants of greatest ecological concern in California September 1994. CalEPPC News. 2: 10.
  • Madison, J. H. (1994). Pampas eradication program - P.E.P. - part two. CalEPPC News. 2: 4-6.
  • (1993). California Exotic Pest Plant Council draft list exotic plants of greatest concern October 1993. CalEPPC News. 1: 6.
  • (1993). Working group reports on weed control methods and applications for Arundo, french broom, german ivy, hoary cress, yellow starthistle, and pampasgrass. CalEPPC News. 1: 8-10.
  • Kelly, M. (1993). Weed whacking tips: Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata). CalEPPC News. 1: 14.
  • Madison, J. H. (1993). Pampas eradication program - P.E.P. (part 1). CalEPPC News. 1: 4-5.

Cal-IPC Symposium Proceedings

  • Kroon, J. L. and G. L. Vourlitis (2007). Physiological and morphological responses of pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) to variations in water table and soil nitrogen content. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Burkhart, B. and M. Kelly (2007). How to develop user-friendly riparian corridor invasive exotic species/habitat restoration master plans: Experiences on the San Diego and Otay Rivers. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2007. San Diego, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Marchant, T., R. Hobbs, et al. (2006). Restoration of desert wetlands dominated by tamarisk and pampas grass. Cal-IPC Symposium. Rohnert Park, CA.
  • Okada, M., M. Lyle, et al. (2006). Molecular evidence supporting the horticultural origin of invasive jubata grass (Cortaderia jubata). Cal-IPC Symposium. Rohnert Park, CA.
  • Okada, M., R. Ahmad, et al. (2005). Identification of cultivated pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) escaping ornamental plantings. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2005. Chico, CA.
  • Powers, J. (2005). Large scale pampas grass control program. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2005. Chico, CA.
  • Connick, S. and M. Gerel (2004). Partnering to prevent invasions of plants of horticultural origin. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Knapp, J. (2004). A gardener's dream, a land manager's nightmare: The spread of horticultural invasive plants into the wildlands of Santa Catalina Island. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Lambrinos, J. G. (2004). A tale of two invaders: The dynamic history of pampas grass and jubata grass in California. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Okada, M., R. Ahmad, et al. (2004). Identifying origins and tracing spread of pampasgrass and jubatagrass in California by microsatellite markers. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
  • Martus, C., C. Schneider, et al. (2003). Volunteer efforts to educate and influence corporate America and local governments to stop selling and using pampasgrass (Cortaderia selloana) and other invasive non-native plants. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • Lambrinos, J. G. (2002). The creeping loss of California's once widespread shrublands to pampasgrass and other aliens. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2002. Sacramento, CA.
  • Kelly, M. (2001). 10 years of CalEPPC. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2001. San Diego, CA.
  • Chirman, D. (2000). Pampasgrass control in Goleta Slough, California. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
  • Tschohl, A. (2000). Jubatagrass vs pampasgrass: A growth analysis and comparison of invasive potential. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
  • Pitcairn, M. J. and D. M. Woods (1998). Control methods: Biological control. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '98. Ontario, CA.
  • Thomsen, C. D., W. A. Williams, et al. (1996). Yellow starthistle management with grazing, mowing, and competitive plantings. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '96. San Diego, CA.

Other Resources on Cortaderia selloana