Euphorbia virgata

Euphorbia_virgata_by Hermann Schachner
Photo: Hermann Schachner

Synonyms: Euphorbia esula; Euphorbia discolor, Euphorbia virgata, Euphorbia gmelinii

Common names: leafy spurge; faitours-grass; wolf's milk

Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge) is a perennial (family Euphorbiaceae) rhizomatous erect herb. Euphorbia esula can be found in scattered locations throughout northern California and crowding out native plant species. It can invade and dominate a variety of vegetation types, including prairies, grasslands and pine savannahs.

Cal-IPC Rating: High?

CDFA Rating: -*?


Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Species ID Card

Invasive Species ID Card - To support field identification of early detection species, Cal-IPC has designed a set of Species ID cards that can be downloaded, printed double-sided, and trimmed to size.

Weed Management Notes

No Weed RIC Management Notes are available for this species. Check for information on other species in the genus on the Weed RIC site.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.

Other Euphorbia virgata Information

  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Calflora - Distribution map and records of this species in California.
  • EDDMapS - Distribution of this species in North America.
  • Jepson Interchange - Information on this plant's taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Information on identification and distribution, with links to websites in individual states.
  • Additional photos

    Euphorbia virgata_all plant parts (drawing)_copyright CDFA
    Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge) all plant parts (drawing). Photo: &#169 CDFA
    Euphorbia virgata_flowers_copyright 2001_CDFA(JP Clark)
    Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge) flowers. Photo: &#169 2001 JP Clark, CDFA
    Euphorbia virgata_growth habit_copyright 2001_CDFA(JP Clark)
    Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge) growth habit. Photo: &#169 2001 JP Clark, CDFA