Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera
Synonyms: Osteospermum moniliferum
Common names: boneseed; Higgin's curse; jungle flower;
Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (boneseed) is a shrub (family Asteraceae) with yellow flowers and oval-shaped leaves found in the south coast ranges of California. It is native to southern Africa. It favors grasslands and scrub and chaparral habitat. It spreads by seeds which travel via water, machinery, birds and other animals.Cal-IPC Rating: Moderate — Alert?
CDFA Rating: A?
Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.
- Chrysanthemoides monilifera (Boneseed) Management Guide - This guide, published in 2006, provides management recommendations for controlling boneseed in Australia, where it has become a serious environmental weed.
- Identifying emerging weeds. Brusati, Elizabeth. Vol 24, Issue 1
- Early detection/rapid response around the state. Cal-IPC. Vol 23, Issue 1
- Successes, failures, and lessons from the Orange County CNPS Emergent Invasive Program. Vanderhoff, Ron (2019)
- The search for patterns or what determines the increased competitive ability of invasive non-indigenous plants? Blossey, Bernd (1996)
- CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
- Calflora - Distribution map and records of this species in California.
- EDDMapS - Distribution of this species in North America.
- Jepson Interchange - Information on this plant's taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
Weed Management NotesNo Weed RIC Management Notes are available for this species. Check for information on other species in the genus on the Weed RIC site.
Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles
Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations
Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.