Carpobrotus edulis

Carpobrotus edulis_hottentot fig_JM DiTomaso
Photo: Joseph DiTomaso

Common names: highway iceplant

Carpobrotus edulis (Hottentot-fig or iceplant) is a succulent shrub (family Aizoaceae) found throughout coastal California and the Channel Islands, especially in areas with a warm winter climate. Introduced as an ornamental plant, Carpobrotus edulis now inhabits coastal scrub, grasslands, chaparral, bluffs, dunes and beaches where it creates dense mats that increase soil organic matter over time, allowing new non-native species to invade. Carpobrotus edulis propagates by seed and vegetatively. Even small stem fragments can regenerate into a new plant, making control difficult.

Cal-IPC Rating: High?

CDFA Rating: None?


Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Weed Management Notes

  • Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.

Other Carpobrotus edulis Information

  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Calflora - Distribution map and records of this species in California.
  • CalWeedMapper - Distribution map of this species in California with ability to determine regional priorities.
  • EDDMapS - Distribution of this species in North America.
  • Jepson Interchange - Information on this plant's taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Information on identification and distribution, with links to websites in individual states.
  • Additional photos

    Carpobrotus edulis_flowers (yellow and pink form_copyright_2009_NealKramer
    Carpobrotus edulis (highway iceplant) flowers (yellow and pink form). Photo: &#169 2009 Neal Kramer
    Carpobrotus edulis_flowers, leaves, and fruit (bisected)_copyright_2018_NealKramer
    Carpobrotus edulis (highway iceplant) flower, leaves and fruit (bisected). Photo: &#169 2018 Neal Kramer
    Carpobrotus edulis_infestation_copyright_2008_NealKramer
    Carpobrotus edulis (highway iceplant) infestation. Photo: &#169 2008 Neal Kramer