Euphorbia virgata

Euphorbia_virgata_by Hermann Schachner
Photo by Hermann Schachner

Synonyms: Euphorbia esula; Euphorbia discolor, Euphorbia virgata, Euphorbia gmelinii

Common names: leafy spurge; faitours-grass; wolf's milk

Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge) is a perennial (family Euphorbiaceae) rhizomatous erect herb. Euphorbia esula can be found in scattered locations throughout northern California and crowding out native plant species. It can invade and dominate a variety of vegetation types, including prairies, grasslands and pine savannahs.

Rating: High

Cal-IPC Resources

  • Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.
  • Cal-IPC News - Our quarterly newsletter. Each issue is available as a pdf.
  • Cal-IPC Symposium Proceedings - Presentations and papers from our annual Symposium.
  • Don't Plant a Pest! - Select your region to find non-invasive alternatives to ornamental species. Also see our statewide brochure on trees.

Other Resources

Symposium Presentations

  • O'Connell, R. A. (1999). The state of California's noxious weed eradication programs. California Exotic Pest Plant Council. Sacramento, CA.
  • Brown, W. Y. and A. G. Brown (1998). Campaign against invasive species: A call for action. California Exotic Pest Council '98 Symposium. Ontario, CA.
  • O'Connell, R. A. (1997). Hydrilla: A case study: The state of California's noxious weed eradication programs. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '97. Concord, CA.
  • Thomsen, C. D., W. A. Williams, et al. (1996). Yellow starthistle management with grazing, mowing, and competitive plantings. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '96. San Diego, CA.
  • Westbrooks, R. G. (1995). Federal regulatory efforts to minimize the introduction and impacts of exotic pest plants in the United States. CalEPPC Symposium '95. Asilomar, CA.

Cal-IPC News Articles

  • Case, B. (2011). Dangerous and invasive Euphorbias in California. Cal-IPC News. 18: 8, 9.
  • Brusati, E. (2009). The cost of weeds to California. Cal-IPC News. 17: 6,7,13.
  • (1995). Biological control of invasive exotic pest plant species: A report on the importance of maintaining and enhancing our nation's biological control capabilities. CalEPPC News. 3: 6-10.
  • Brigham, C. (2005). High school students take on carnation spurge. Cal-IPC News. 13: 6.
  • Richardson, B. (2004). The A-rated north. Cal-IPC News. 12: 4-5,14.
  • Kelly, M. (1999). Roundup of Arundo projects reveals commitment, strategic weakness. CalEPPC News. 7: 4-9.
  • Schneider, D. (1994). Slow-motion explosion: The exponential spread of exotic species. CalEPPC News. 2: 6-8.