Elaeagnus angustifolia

Elaeagnus angustifolia_ Russian olive_JM DiTomaso
Photo: Joseph DiTomaso

Synonyms: Elaeagnus angustifolius

Common names: Russian olive; oleaster

Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) grows as a tree or shrub (family Elaeagnaceae) and is found in disturbed, seasonally moist places, generally below 5,000 feet (1500 m) elevation. It occurs in the San Joaquin Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, southern Sierra Nevada, San Diego County, and parts of the Mojave Desert near springs where it crowds out native species. It is able to regenerate under a wide variety of floodplain conditions with little or no mortality after seedling development. Native cottonwoods and willows, having narrow germination and establishment requirements and intolerant of shade, are unable to regenerate under advancing populations of Russian olive.

Cal-IPC Rating: Moderate?

CDFA Rating: None?


Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Weed Management Notes

  • Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.

Other Elaeagnus angustifolia Information

  • Bugwood - National database from the Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia.
  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Calflora - Distribution map and records of this species in California.
  • CalWeedMapper - Distribution map of this species in California with ability to determine regional priorities.
  • EDDMapS - Distribution of this species in North America.
  • Jepson Interchange - Information on this plant's taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Information on identification and distribution, with links to websites in individual states.
  • Additional photos

    Elaeagnus angustifolia_flowers and leaves_copyright 2010_NealKramer
    Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) flowers and leaves. Photo: &#169 2010 Neal Kramer
    Elaeagnus angustifolia_leaves and fruit (immature)_ZoyaAkulova
    Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) leaves and fruit (immature). Photo: Zoya Akulova
    Elaeagnus angustifolia_stem_ZoyaAkulova
    Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) stem. Photo: Zoya Akulova
    Elaeagnus angustifolia_growth habit_ZoyaAkulova
    Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) growth habit. Photo: Zoya Akulova