Synonyms: Arundo arenaria
Common names: European beachgrass
Ammophila arenaria (European beachgrass) is a clumping perennial grass (family Poaceae) found in coastal dune systems from Santa Barbara County north. European beachgrass grows more densely than native American dunegrass (Leymus mollis), trapping passing sand and creating steep dunes that run parallel to the shoreline. This prevents new sand from reaching interior dunes, resulting in changes to the structure and ecology of dune ecosystems. Native plants often cannot compete with dense stands of European beachgrass.Cal-IPC Rating: High
Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.
Weed Management Notes
- Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.
Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles
- Removing European beachgrass at Point Reyes. Parsons, Lorraine. Vol 23, Issue 1
- Teaching weeds: California university invasive plant programs. Cole, Kristie; Molinari, Nicole. Vol 12, Issue 2
- Hard work, low pay, miserable conditions: The California Conservation Corps pulls weeds. Cal-IPC. Vol 12, Issue 1
- CalEPPC Symposium ’97. Warner, Peter. Vol 06, Issue 1
- Exotic pest plants of greatest ecological concern in California September 1994. Cal-IPC. Vol 02, Issue 4
- California Exotic Pest Plant Council draft list exotic plants of greatest concern October 1993. CalEPPC. Vol 01, Issue 4
Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations
Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.
- Effects of manual and mechanical removal of Ammophila arenaria on coastal plant communities and dune morphology. Silva-Crossman, Monique (2018)
- Effects of manual and mechanical Ammophila arenaria removal techniques on coastal dune plant communities and dune morphology. SilvaCrossman, Monique; O'Dowd, Alison (2017)
- European dune grass control: 15 years of adaptive management. Hyland, Tim (2012)
- Invasive plant management in California State Parks. Robison, Ramona (2011)
- Controlling European beachgrass (Ammophila arenaria) using prescribed burns and herbicide. Hyland, Tim; Holloran, Pete (2005)
- Invasive annual grasses in a coastal dune ecosystem. Clifford, Patti; Pickart, Andrea J.; Tatum, Ellen; Wear, Kyle (2005)
- The use of heavy machinery (excavators) to remove Ammophila arenaria (European beachgrass) from native sand dunes at Point Reyes National Seashore. Peterson, Ben (2004)
- A decade of dune restoration at the Lanphere Dunes. Pickart, Andrea (2003)
- Control of European beachgrass (Ammophila arenaria) on the west coast of the United States. Pickart, Andres J. (1997)
- Yellow starthistle management with grazing, mowing, and competitive plantings. Thomsen, Craig D.; Williams, William A.; Vayssieres, Marc P. (1996)
Other Ammophila arenaria Information
- CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
- Calflora - See the distribution of this species on Calflora's map of California.
- CalWeedMapper - Distribution information with ability to determine regional priorities.
- Jepson Online Interchange for California Flora - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
- USDA PLANTS Database - Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states.
- Bugwood - National database from the Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia.
- EDDMapS - North American distribution based on Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System.