Rubus armeniacus

Rubus armeniacus_Hilamalaya blackberry_ JM Di Tomaso
Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso

Synonyms: Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees., Rubus procerus Muller, Rubus grabowskii Weihe ex Gunther et al., Rubus praecox Bertol.

Common names: Himalayan blackberry

Rubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry), formerly known as Rubus discolor, is a sprawling, essentially evergreen, glandless, robust shrub (family Rosaceae). Rubus armeniacus occurs in California in the coast ranges, Central Valley, and Sierra Nevada. This weed is a strong competitor. It rapidly displaces native plant species and thickets to produce such a dense canopy that the lack of light severely limits the growth of understory plants.

Cal-IPC Rating: High

Cal-IPC Assessment

Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Weed RIC Management Notes

  • Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

  • Jones, L. J. and M. Hutten (2010). Trials of aminopyralid and a cut-and-dab method for Himalayan blackberry control. Cal-IPC 2010 Symposium. Ventura, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Pacini, N. (2008). Mechanical control coupled with native species planting as a cost-effective method of controlling Himalayan blackberry. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2008, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Rogner, M. (2008). A four-step approach to Himalayan blackberry (Rubus discolor) removal. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2008. Chico, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • Clark, L. and M. Jasieniuk (2008). Hybridization between invasive and native blackberries (Rubus) in California. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2008. Chico, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
  • DiTomaso, J. M. (1997). Risk analysis of various weed control methods. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '97. Concord, CA.
  • Jackson, N. E. (1996). Control of exotic weeds with Roundup herbicide: A survey of projects around the world. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium. San Diego, CA.

Other Rubus armeniacus Information

  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Calflora - See the distribution of this species on Calflora's map of California.
  • CalWeedMapper - Distribution information with ability to determine regional priorities.
  • Jepson Online Interchange for California Flora - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states.
  • Bugwood - National database from the Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia.