Olea europaea

Olea europaea_Olive_JM DiTomaso
Photo: Joseph DiTomaso

Common names: olive

Olea europaea (olive) is a shrub or tree (family Oleaceae) that can produce hundreds of seeds that are spread by birds and mammals. Though commonly grown as a crop in California, gardeners should use caution planting olives near open space. It has invaded areas in southern California and the Central Valley.

Cal-IPC Rating: Limited?

CDFA Rating: None?


Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Weed Management Notes

  • Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.

Other Olea europaea Information

  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Calflora - Distribution map and records of this species in California.
  • CalWeedMapper - Distribution map of this species in California with ability to determine regional priorities.
  • EDDMapS - Distribution of this species in North America.
  • Jepson Interchange - Information on this plant's taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Information on identification and distribution, with links to websites in individual states.
  • Additional photos

    Olea europaea_flowers_copyright2010_NealKramer
    Olea europaea (olive) flowers. Photo: © 2010 Neal Kramer
    Olea europaea_fruits and leaves_copyright2011_NealKramer
    Olea europaea (olive) fruits and leaves. Photo: © 2011 Neal Kramer