Cenchrus echinatus

Cenchrus echinatus_C182-01
Photo: UC Davis Weeds of California

Common names: southern sandbur

Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) is an annual grass (family Poaceae) that can grow up to 30 inches tall and is found in the San Francisco Bay area and the south coast and desert ranges of California. It is native to the southern United States, Mexico, Central America and South America. It favors grasslands and dunes. It spreads via seeds which can attach to clothing or animals and can be carried by wind or water.

Cal-IPC Rating: Watch

CDFA Rating: B*?


Plant Risk Assessment - An evaluation of the potential for a plant to be invasive in California.

Weed Management Notes

  • Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

There are no newsletter articles associated with this species yet.

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.

There are no Symposium presentations associated with this species yet.

Other Cenchrus echinatus Information

  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Calflora - Distribution map and records of this species in California.
  • CalWeedMapper - Distribution map of this species in California with ability to determine regional priorities.
  • EDDMapS - Distribution of this species in North America.
  • Jepson Interchange - Information on this plant's taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Information on identification and distribution, with links to websites in individual states.
  • Additional photos

    Cenchrus echinatus_growth habit_RonVanderhoff
    Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) growth habit. Photo: Ron Vanderhoff
    Cenchrus echinatus_inflorescence_RonVanderhoff
    Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) inflorescence. Photo: Ron Vanderhoff
    Cenchrus echinatus_seed head_RonVanderhoff
    Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) seed head. Photo: Ron Vanderhoff