Briza maxima

Briza maxima_ big quaking grass_ JM Di Tomaso
Photo: Joseph DiTomaso

Common names: big quakinggrass; rattlesnake grass; large quakinggrass,

Briza maxima (big quaking grass, rattlesnake grass) is a winter annual grass (family Poaceae) and is located throughout the coastal ranges of California. It is, on occasion, grown for its ornamental panicles but has spread into many grassland regions where it can be the dominant species.

Cal-IPC Rating: Limited?

CDFA Rating: None?


Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Weed Management Notes

  • Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.

Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles

There are no newsletter articles associated with this species yet.

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

Presentations are linked where available. Where a presentation is not available, find more information by reading the abstract in the Cal-IPC Symposia Archive.

Other Briza maxima Information

  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Calflora - Distribution map and records of this species in California.
  • CalWeedMapper - Distribution map of this species in California with ability to determine regional priorities.
  • EDDMapS - Distribution of this species in North America.
  • Jepson Interchange - Information on this plant's taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Information on identification and distribution, with links to websites in individual states.
  • Additional photos

    Briza maxima_spikelets_JuttaBurger
    Briza maxima (big quakinggrass) spikelets. Photo: Jutta Burger
    Briza maxima_stem and ligule_JuttaBurger
    Briza maxima (big quakinggrass) stem and ligule. Photo: Jutta Burger