Cynoglossum officinale

Cynoglossum officinale_houndstongue_JM DiTomaso
Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso

Common names: common houndstongue; beggar's-lice; dog bur; dog's tongue; glovewort; gypsyflower; sheelice; sticktight; woolmat

Cynoglossum officinale (houndstongue) is a biennial forb (family Boraginaceae) whose foliage can be toxic to horses and other livestock when it contaminates hay. In California, it is found in the Cascade Ranges. The seeds have hooked projections that facilitate long distance dispersal by animals and humans.

Cal-IPC Rating: Moderate

Cal-IPC Assessment

Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.

Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations

  • DiTomaso, J. M. (2005). Efficacy and safety of new herbicides on the horizon. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2005. Chico, California, CA.
  • Tu, M. and J. M. Randall (2002). 2002 Red alert! New introductions and recent expansions in California. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2002. Sacramento, CA.
  • Tu, M. and J. M. Randall (2003). 2003 Cal-IPC red alert! New invasions, recent expansions, and a few others to be on the look-out For. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.

Other Cynoglossum officinale Information

  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • CalFlora - Distribution information based on submitted observations and herbarium specimens.
  • CalWeedMapper - Distribution information with ability to determine regional priorities.
  • Jepson Online Interchange for California Flora - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
  • USDA PLANTS Database - Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states.