Crataegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna_English hawthorn_JM DiTomaso
Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso

Synonyms: Crataegus apiifolia, C. curvisepala, C. dissecta, C. oxyancanthana, C. oxyacantha var. monogyna, C. oxyacantha v. paulii, Mespilus monogyna, Oxyacantha apiifolia, others.

Common names: English hawthorn; common hawthorn; oneseed hawthorn; May tree; singleseed hawthorn; azzarola; neapolitan medlar; oneseed hawthorn; whitethorn;

Crataegus monogyna (English hawthorn) is a deciduous shrub or small tree (family Rosaceae) found in California along the north and central coast and in the North Coast Ranges. English hawthorn was introduced to California as a landscape ornamental. It has escaped cultivation, growing in moist soil in riparian areas, woodlands and grasslands. At about 10 years of age, the trees begin to produce bright red fruits that are consumed by birds and other animals, who distribute its seeds. The seeds may also be dispersed by human activity or soil and water movement. Effective control may be achieved by manually removing seedlings, cutting down the trees and either removing their roots or painting the trunk with herbicide.

Rating: Limited

Cal-IPC Resources

  • Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.
  • CalWeedMapper - Statewide maps, climate models, and reports.
  • Cal-IPC News - Our quarterly newsletter. Each issue is available as a pdf.
  • Cal-IPC Symposium Proceedings - Presentations and papers from our annual Symposium.
  • Don't Plant a Pest! - Select your region to find non-invasive alternatives to ornamental species. Also see our statewide brochure on trees.

Other Resources

  • USDA PLANTS database -
    Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states.
  • Jepson Online Interchange for California Flora - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from the UC Berkeley Jepson Herbarium.
  • CalFlora - Distribution information by county based on submitted observations and herbarium specimens.
  • CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
  • Natural Resource Projects Inventory - State database with information on resource management projects throughout California. Query by the species of interest.

Symposium Presentations

  • None for this species.

Cal-IPC News Articles

  • None for this species.