Synonyms: Crataegus apiifolia, C. curvisepala, C. dissecta, C. oxyancanthana, C. oxyacantha var. monogyna, C. oxyacantha v. paulii, Mespilus monogyna, Oxyacantha apiifolia, others.
Common names: English hawthorn; common hawthorn; oneseed hawthorn; May tree; singleseed hawthorn; azzarola; neapolitan medlar; oneseed hawthorn; whitethorn;
Crataegus monogyna (English hawthorn) is a deciduous shrub or small tree (family Rosaceae) found in California along the north and central coast and in the North Coast Ranges. English hawthorn was introduced to California as a landscape ornamental. It has escaped cultivation, growing in moist soil in riparian areas, woodlands and grasslands. At about 10 years of age, the trees begin to produce bright red fruits that are consumed by birds and other animals, who distribute its seeds. The seeds may also be dispersed by human activity or soil and water movement. Effective control may be achieved by manually removing seedlings, cutting down the trees and either removing their roots or painting the trunk with herbicide.Cal-IPC Rating: Limited
Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.
Weed RIC Management Notes
- Management Notes - Information on management techniques and effectiveness from the University of California Cooperative Extension’s Weed Research & Information Center.
Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles
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Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations
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Other Crataegus monogyna Information
- CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
- Calflora - See the distribution of this species on Calflora's map of California.
- CalWeedMapper - Distribution information with ability to determine regional priorities.
- Jepson Online Interchange for California Flora - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
- USDA PLANTS Database - Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states.