Source: California Invasive Plant Council

URL of this page:

Linaria vulgaris (yellow toadflax, butter and eggs)

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso

Linaria vulgaris (yellow toadflax, butter and eggs) is an herbaceous perennial (family Scrophulariaceae) that was introduced as an ornamental. It can be found in disturbed open sites, fields, pastures, degraded rangelands, roadsides, agronomic and perennial crops. Although it is typically found in northern California, it can occur sporadically in many other areas of California, except desert areas and the Big Basin. Infestations often form large colonies, displacing desirable vegetation.

Cal-IPC Inventory rating: Moderate

Cal-IPC Resources on Linaria vulgaris

Cal-IPC News Articles

  • Brusati, E., D. Morawitz, et al. (2011). Prioritizing Regional Response to Invasive Plants in the Sierra Nevada. Cal-IPC News. 19: 4, 5, 10.
  • Donaldson, S. (2003). Fighting weeds in the Tahoe basin. CalEPPC News. 11: 7.
  • Pitcairn, M. (2000). All weeds that have approved biological control agents, accidental introductions and others. CalEPPC News. 8.

Cal-IPC Symposium Proceedings

  • Donaldson, S., W. West, et al. (2003). Getting the job done: Working within the regulatory environment at Lake Tahoe to manage weeds. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
  • O'Connell, R. A. (1997). Hydrilla: A case study: The state of California's noxious weed eradication programs. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '97. Concord, CA.

Other Resources on Linaria vulgaris