Common names: highway iceplant
Carpobrotus edulis (Hottentot-fig or iceplant) is a succulent shrub (family Aizoaceae) found throughout coastal California and the Channel Islands, especially in areas with a warm winter climate. Introduced as an ornamental plant, Carpobrotus edulis now inhabits coastal scrub, grasslands, chaparral, bluffs, dunes and beaches where it creates dense mats that increase soil organic matter over time, allowing new non-native species to invade. Carpobrotus edulis propagates by seed and vegetatively. Even small stem fragments can regenerate into a new plant, making control difficult.Cal-IPC Rating: High
Plant Assessment Form - Information gathered by Cal-IPC on the impacts, rate of spread, and distribution of invasive plants in California. Does not include management information.
Weed RIC Management NotesNo Weed RIC Management Notes are available for this species. Check for information on other species in the genus on the Weed RIC site.
Cal-IPC Newsletter Articles
- Removing European beachgrass at Point Reyes. Parsons, Lorraine. Vol 23, Issue 1
- “Conservation Across Borders” in San Jose. Cal-IPC. Vol 14, Issue 2
- BLM uses heavy equipment to give weeds the heave-ho!. Wheeler, Jennifer. Vol 08, Issue 2
- Roundup of Arundo projects reveals commitment, strategic weakness. Kelly, Mike. Vol 07, Issue 2
- Richmond weed abatement ordinance. . Vol 07, Issue 1
- Fort Ord readies the troops for war – on weeds!. Fry, Virginia. Vol 06, Issue 1
- Portrait of an invader II: The ecology and management of Carpobrotus edulis. Albert, Marc E.. Vol 03, Issue 2
- Lupine removal by heavy equipment. Theiss, Karen. Vol 03, Issue 1
- Exotic pest plants of greatest ecological concern in California September 1994. Cal-IPC. Vol 02, Issue 4
- California Exotic Pest Plant Council draft list exotic plants of greatest concern October 1993. CalEPPC. Vol 01, Issue 4
Cal-IPC Symposium Presentations
- Tuttle, E., K. Johnston, et al. (2011). Evaluating distribution and prevalence of non-native vegetation percent cover in a Southern California wetland and its application to inform habitat restoration and non-native vegetation control. Cal-IPC 2011 Symposium. Tahoe City, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
- Knapp, D. A. (2010). Contrasting effects of Carpobrotus edulis on arthropods in a coastal dune ecosystem. Cal-IPC 2010 Symposium. Ventura, CA, California Invasive Plant Council.
- Drennan, P. M. and L. Zakrzewski (2004). The effect of soil salinity and flooding on the growth Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.B. Br.: Implications for its spread into the Ballona Wetlands. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2004. Ventura, CA.
- Pickart, A. (2003). A decade of dune restoration at the Lanphere Dunes. California Invasive Plant Council Symposium 2003. Kings Beach, CA.
- Briscoe, E. and T. Anderson (2000). War on weeds - invasive weed education and outreach program. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium 2000. Concord, CA.
- Cooper, V. K. and B. J. Moritsch (1999). Weeding the wilderness: Non-native plant management at Point Reyes National Seashore. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '99. Sacramento, CA.
- Boyd, D. (1997). Eucalyptus removal on Angel Island. California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium '97. Concord, CA.
Other Carpobrotus edulis Information
- CalPhotos - Images of plants taken mostly in California.
- Calflora - See the distribution of this species on Calflora's map of California.
- CalWeedMapper - Distribution information with ability to determine regional priorities.
- Jepson Online Interchange for California Flora - Information on taxonomy, biology, and distribution from UC Berkeley's Jepson Herbarium.
- USDA PLANTS Database - Federal database with information on identification and distribution, and links to websites in individual states.